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The information below is reproduced courtesy of The National Autistic Society, the leading UK charity for people with autism (including Asperger syndrome) and their families. It provides information, support and pioneering services, and campaign for a better world for people with autism. Additional information has been added by Kingwood.
Study of the biological processes in the nervous system.
Study of the chemical and metabolic processes in the nervous system.
Study of the endocrine system of the nervous system, the hormones it secretes and its disorders.
Medication used to treat a wide variety of mental illness. Most affect dopamine production or absorption, some work on serotonin.
Disorders of the brain and nervous system.
The study of the brain, its diseases and disorders.
Science which deals with the causes of, and changes produced in the nervous system, by disease.
The science of life processes in the nervous system, especially the transmission and processing of nerve impulses.
Branch of medicine, the practitioners of which are skilled in the disciplines of both neurology and psychiatry.
The clinical discipline that employs psychological concepts and tests to understand the functions of the brain and the effect of injury and disease on the brain.
Chemicals released by neurons into the synapse to communicate with each other. Some neurotransmitters are "excitatory" and cause the next cell to fire, some are "inhibitory" and prevent the next cell from firing.
Communication through use of facial expression, posture, gesture and body movement.
Ideas, images or impulses which enter a person's mind again and again in stereotyped form. They are almost invariably distressing.
(OCD) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Anxiety disorder where an individual has to perform specific actions such as washing. These activities may reach such proportions that the individual's entire life is centred upon them.
Method of treatment by means of purposeful occupation. The goals are to arouse interest and confidence and exercise mind and body.
Naturally produced chemical in the body that has effects similar to morphine.
Substance with pharmacological action like that of opium or its derivatives.
Services which are provided by an organization, usually in the person’s own home rather than in the organisation’s own buildings or Day Centres
Responding to just one or two components of a stimulus rather than the large number of cues which make up a stimulus, eg, one letter of a word.